**Correlation Matrix** is one of the great tools to balance and diversify your portfolio. It’s important that you don’t end up buying stocks that are highly correlated to each other, but to do that, you’ll need to know the exact correlation between stock prices. In this post, you’ll learn how to calculate the correlation matrix between different stocks in a simple spreadsheet.

Learn how to calculate correlation matrix of trading systems in this article.

But let’s first understand what is Correlation and Correlation matrix…

## What is a Correlation Matrix?

As the name suggests, **correlation **is a numeric figure (between -1 to 1) that tells you how strongly the two stocks are related to each other. Correlation can be applied to anything, but in this context, we are talking about stock prices.

- 1 indicates a strong positive relationship.
- -1 indicates a strong negative relationship.
- A value of zero indicates no relationship at all.

For example:

If Stock B moves by 10 points for every 10 point movement in Stock A, then the correlation between them is absolute 1.

If Stock B moves by 5 points for every 10 point movement in Stock A, then the correlation between them is 0.5.

If Stock B moves by -5 points for every 10 point movement in Stock A, then the correlation between them is -0.5.

When correlation is plotted in a *row-column matrix* like structure, then the resulting figure is termed a **correlation matrix**. It is an indispensable tool to summarize a large dataset and serves as a visual aid to identify similarities/dissimilarities in the data.

We’ll see an example of a correlation matrix later in this article.

**Also Read: **Sharpe Ratio Calculator Excel Sheet

## How is Correlation Calculated?

Correlation is calculated using the standard deviation and covariance.

It is the ratio of covariance between two variables and the product of the standard deviation of each one of them.

**Cxy = Sxy / Sx*Sy**

Sx and Sy are the sample standard deviations, and Sxy is the sample covariance.

I am sure this is something we all studied in our high school mathematics or statistics classes.

Any modern spreadsheet tools like MS Excel, Google Sheets, etc have a simple formula for creating correlation, and we are going to use the same for creating the stocks correlation matrix.

## Correlation Matrix Spreadsheet Overview

It’s a simple spreadsheet created using Google Sheets that fetches the historical prices of stocks using google finance and calculates correlations between them.

You can access the sheet from the below link:

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1vQsQuyMIJSq7lVAH6FknHqc5mSb8f0NlMoG08_1fkkQ/edit?usp=sharing

To use this spreadsheet you’ll only need to enter the Stock symbols and number of historical days in Cells **B3 to B8**.

Interpretation and Application of Correlation Matrix

The primary application of the correlation matrix is to diversify your portfolio.

Let’s look at the below correlation matrix that we calculated in the spreadsheet:

this article for details.

Access the spreadsheet from this link and let us know in the comments section if you have any questions.